A technology stack or a tech stack is a series of tools, coding languages, libraries, frameworks, and technologies that work in cohesion to build and run the software. In short, we can say that all the ingredients that go into building software consist of the tech stack of the software. Facebook’s tech stack involves technologies like Swift, GraphQL, Cassandra, PHP, and Hadoop.
Every tech stack consists of two important components.
The frontend technologies are responsible for building the client-side or the part seen by the users of the software. The backend technologies are responsible for building the server-side or the part not seen by the users of the software.
Similarly, the backend tech stack consists of technologies like Python, Ruby, Golang, C#, PHP, and Java, to name a few.
All the top software developers have an efficient team of frontend and backend developers. Some basic knowledge about the tech stack will help you, as an entrepreneur, gauge the technical proficiency of your software developers.
Before we move towards knowing the various tech stacks for software development, let’s have a look at why a tech stack is important. A tech stack is the backbone of software. You will need a robust backbone to build robust software.
Before you start the project, your dedicated software development team should have a clear idea about the tech stack. The hired software developers should be clear about the technologies they will use for coding, UI/UX development, and database management. The software developers should also have an idea regarding the third-party integrations they will require to build the software.
While selecting the tech stack, the software development team considers aspects like;
Choosing the correct software development tech stack is important as it has an overbearing effect on the final product. The tech stack impacts the following aspects of a software;
Top software development companies have a knack for choosing the most appropriate tech stack, which helps them deliver the best software development solution. There are many software development technology stacks in the tech world today. We have discussed the most popular ones below.
MEAN stack is one of the most popular tech stacks for software development today. It provides a plethora of benefits to developers. The fact that it is open-source makes this stack a highly economical tech stack to choose for your software development project requirement.
Another benefit that this stack provides is that it uses a single language throughout the stack. As it uses a single coding language, it is easier for experienced developers to develop software in this stack. Apart from this, it is easier to find replacements if a few developers leave the project mid-way.
The following are the components of the MEAN stack.
In this stack, MongoDB is the NoSQL database, Express.js is the backend framework, Angular.js is the frontend framework, and Node.js is the cross-platform server. This stack allows skilled developers to build flexible, scalable, and high-performance software products. It is possible to build extensible software solutions with this stack as support cloud hosting.
The MEAN stack components communicate JSON for free module library access and data transmission.
MEAN stack is an effective platform for all kinds of interactive and website applications.
LAMP stack is a time-tested tech stack that has features such as proven performance, flexibility, cost-effectiveness, and stability. All the components in this stack are open-source. This translates into better cost-effectiveness for your software project.
The specialty of the LAMP stack is that it can run on any operating system. With this stack, you can use MacOS or WAMP as the operating system instead of Linux. This feature of the LAMP stack provides you with a chance to modify the components.
The following are the LAMP stack components.
MySQL is a relational database management system. PHP is the programming language. Note that P in the LAMP stack can also stand for Python or Perl. Apache is the HTTP server, while Linux is an operating system.
The MERN stack is more or less similar to the MEAN stack. The only difference is React in place of Angular.
By using the MERN stack, the developers can simultaneously use code on browsers and servers and gain access to full-stack development options. MERN stack also provides the software coders easy access to a powerful library.
Using the MERN stack, the developers can easily avail of React integration. React integration provides the MERN stack developers access to the great features of React, like high performance and flexibility in building interactive user interfaces.
Serverless tech stack has risen in popularity amongst developers in recent times. The serverless stack ditches the conventional forms of tech stacks, and cutting-edge serverless computing technology helps the programmers write and execute code on the physical servers without worrying too much about the infrastructure.
The serverless stack allows the software engineers to manage the entire data of the application effectively within the cloud platform.
The major advantage of the serverless stack is the high level of scalability that the serverless stack provides. A serverless stack is much more cost-effective as compared to other tech stacks. This is because, in a serverless stack, the developers are charged only for the space they use on the servers.
You can avail a serverless platform from companies like Google and Amazon. They have serverless platform services named Google Cloud and AWS Lambda.
Ruby on Rails is an integrated development environment that uses Ruby. Ruby is a powerful web application framework that simplifies the entire development experience for the developers. RoR is a highly scalable technology. The remote developers can modify or utilize RoR according to their requirements.
RoR is an easy-to-learn coding language that consists of a rich set of libraries. RoR helps reduce the overall time-to-market of the application as it has a wide range of utilities and software packages that make the job of development faster.
In RoR, the software developers can use the default database management structure, further reducing the time-to-market. Select the best remote Ruby on Rails development service providers to build effective RoR solutions.
The only difference between MEAN and MEVN is that instead of Angular.js, Vue.js is used as the frontend development technology. Vue.js has gained popularity as an effective frontend development technology in the past few years.
The following are the components of the MEVN stack.
In the MEVN stack, MongoDB is the NoSQL database, Express.js is the backend framework, Vue.js is the frontend framework, and Node.js is the cross-platform server. Vue.js combines the best features of both Angular as well as React. Thus, it is bound to help software developers build beautiful and high-performance frontends. A major benefit of the MEVN stack is that it is easy to learn.
The tech stack that is selected by the software developers has an impact on the software development cost. This is because you will need to hire software developers according to the software development technologies included in the tech stack if you have your tech stack already selected.
The correct tech stack will help you leverage the power of your technical and human resources in the most optimum way. Every tech stack has its own set of pros and cons. You should opt for the latest technolgy stack is one of the common myths regarding software development. Hence instead of going with the latest software development trends, the tech stack must be decided based on its appropriateness for your project.
It is best that you leave the task of selecting the tech stack with the software development company you hire. You just need to make sure that the software developers you hire are proficient and experienced.
An enthusiastic Operations Manager at TopDevelopers.co, coordinating and managing the technical and functional areas. She is an adventure lover, passionate traveler, an admirer of nature, who believes that a cup of coffee is the prime source to feel rejuvenated. Researching and writing about technology keeps her boosted and enhances her professional journeying.